5 tips to keep snails ecological gardening

5 tips to keep snails ecological gardening

With spring comes the flowers, greening plants and produces a burst of biodiversity that may compromise the success of gardening. However, organic farming seeks to promote it, although it should also be creative to get chase away pests.

In short, the objective is to achieve a balanced ecosystem, and in fact entails many benefits for the garden in general, including soils, plants and biodiversity.

If on the one hand, we seek to attract local garden flora and fauna, on the other hand we want to the variety of wildlife does not pose problems. Here is where we need to intervene, since the good results will depend on exactly how you do things.

In this post you will find eco-friendly tips to succeed in addressing excessive populations of slugs and snails.Some can be put into practice at the time, others require to make small or large changes, such as a preliminary design of the gardens.

Sometimes you just apply one of them to achieve our goal. In more complicated cases, it will be necessary to implement several. More, better, logically, and even to complement them with others which we were already being implemented.

Then here are ten ways to avoid that snails, snails and slugs spoil our orchards and organic gardens:

1 get to know your garden

The first Council or golden rule to all eco gardener internalize refers to the need to have an active role as such. Against what happens with traditional agriculture or gardening, the peculiarities of each garden or Orchard are essential to have green hand.

That means knowing what type of soil have, find eco solutions to improve the quality, choose suitable plants, learn from the experience of other farmers or organic gardeners, especially of those who have to deal with the same problems due to geographical proximity.

It is, in short, find ways of acting their own interpretations consistent with a philosophy echoing, being creative and looking for the balance of the ecosystem. Ideally, a care environment is a stabilized space that is regulated only.

Thus, achieving this goal means to minimize the problem of pests, including snails, slugs, and others.Because prevention is better, and the essence of organic gardening is to provide the environment of weapons to do so, let us get to it and will end up with a multitude of typical problems of the ways to make conventional.

2. effective barriers

If prevention fails us, there are an endless number of natural methods to fight against pests. Among other products that act as barriers, we can use the sand.

Place it around the areas you want to protect. It will base with drawing a path wide enough so that it is a deterrent. That Yes, it is necessary to make regular renewals, especially if there is wind or the garden is crowded by people or pets, say.

It can also be effective mixing sand with ashes and coffee grounds to get the same effect as with sand. We will proceed in the same way, and will also be attentive to make regular renewals.

Powdered eggs shells or pine needles also pueen give good results, as well as to divide the spaces of culture using barriers separating, as you can see in the image.

3. move them easily

If we want to move them to another part of the garden that does not multiply in excess or simply for not wrecking our plants or crops, we can trap them small that will be to your liking.

The trick is to place a few flat stones of good size to act as refuge for them near the food, and believe that they will want to hide in them, especially if we locate it in an open space where lack of it.

Then we simply transfer them to another place. It is, in short, find effective methods that are respectful with the environment and animals. Although, if they are not near any case power supply we risk again to the place, especially in small gardens.

4 watch where plants

A trick to avoid that snails can easily access the plants is not done close to walls or other vertical surfaces.In fact, have this caution avoid us so much that they can eat the leaves and will reduce the chances of that multiply at the time making it difficult for them to access to food.

There are also plants that act as repellents, such as fennel, Sage or thyme, which in addition to flee the walls we can leverage this small cunning to deter snails. Helpful can be we especially if our crops or plants near walls, and we find it difficult to move them. Or we simply do not want to do so for lack of space or any other reason.

5 looking for balance

Leaving that nature imposes its balance through predation of ecosystems is another formula. This will be favorable to build an environment Rocky in some corner of the garden to find reptiles or hedgehogs so attractive.

Small ponds with amphibians may also be useful. Among the insects, centipedes or beetles will also help us to reduce their population.

Anyway, if we don’t want to kill them or eat them is, will help create zones of transition. Both through the identified barriers and with the creation of a sandy area, for example for growing vegetables in sand or the playground. Ultimately, the imagination can work wonders if we are patient and we seek tailored solutions.

ANALYZING THE PROCESS OF NEW HOME CONSTRUCTION

ANALYZING THE PROCESS OF NEW HOME CONSTRUCTION

The building is a process that involves parts Assembly Building and effective infrastructure planning. In Orlando, construction requires a detailed method of safe design and execution of construction activities. There are numerous laws and ethics of construction to satisfy Orlando, thus, the success of new construction projects in Orlando.

For a new home in Orlando or if you? Re using construction services, call a reliable contractor for help. These entrepreneurs have the dexterity required when it comes to professional construction and remodeling of the industrial and commercial areas in Orlando.You can turn your boring commercial space in a remarkable structure.

There are three general types of construction: building construction, civil and industrial constructions.

Construction is basically a type of construction that adds the structure of a building. This includes renovations, dining room, kitchen, bathroom and additions. This type of construction also requires thorough research and analysis, site planning and design.

civil engineering, an engineering discipline that is concerned with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, it is necessary for the construction of bridges, factories, roads and canals.

Industrial construction, though a small part of the entire construction industry, plays a very important role. Industrial company owners are involved in this type of construction. It includes the following areas: medicine, manufacturing, petroleum, etc this type of construction requires proven experience in planning and design.

All of these approaches building did not prosper without appropriate construction materials as follows:

BAnalizzando il processo di costruzione nuova casa a Orlandoulldozer which is also called a crawler. This is a type of heavy vehicle engineering;usually a tractor with a blade.

Also known as a mini excavator, a compact excavator is a vehicle fitted with wheels or caterpillar tracks with a blade of recovery and a rotating arm. Its function and ability to perform a task depend on its hydraulic fluid. This makes it a compact hydraulic excavator different from other construction equipment.

A forklift is an industrial forklift that is used to collect and carry heavy materials with steel forks. The most common use of a forklift is to move materials that are stored on pallets.

A backhoe loader is a type of engineering equipment with a front bucket/shovel and a small excavator in the back combined with a tractor. This is mostly used in small construction sites and in urban engineering projects, like a city street repair.

A Digger is an engineering vehicle with a cab mounted on a rotating platform or pivot, and a backhoe on a cart with wheels or tracks.

A crane is a platform or a tower equipped with pulleys and cables for lowering and lifting materials. Cranes in construction are often regarded as temporary structures.

Construction involves a number of difficult processes, so that it implies the knowledge, skills and appropriate equipment for this task to be carried out successfully

Advantages and disadvantages of metal roofs

Advantages and disadvantages of metal roofs

Now we have the hang of it by design, is more often for a metal roof. We discuss here the advantages and the disadvantages of metal roof.
There are three types of metal roofs:

  • Copper roofs
  • Zinc roofs
  • Aluminum roofs

Benefits of a metal roof:

  • Metal has a long life.
  • Metal roofs placed according to the structural standards, are fully water repellent and may each weather type.
  • Resistant to fungus, insects and rot.
  • Light weight. A metal roof is 10 to 15 times lighter than classic roof tiles and so can be placed without extra structural support on an existing roof.
  • Quick and easy installation of the sheets. Most materials of a metal roof are supplied as sheets. Professional contractors can this very smoothly.
  • Fire safe. Metal roof tiles and meet the fire classification Class a. This means that they can withstand the most extreme burn.
  • Heat conduction. Metal designates the radiant heat of the Sun, which minimizes midday heat during the summer months. Although the material itself has a low R-insulation value, one uses in many systems a neutral space between the metal and roofing materials.
  • Minimum roof pitch is sufficient to meet the technical standards.
  • View is similar to that of classical roofs.

Disadvantages of a metal roof:

  • Noise: deposit-or hail can cause noise, can isolate a lot already. But think there anyway moment or a living space under the roof.
  • Dents. Extreme hail or someone who performs chores on the roof can cause a dent in the roof.
  • Roofing contractors need to tread carefully to not scratch or dents. At the placement of metal roofs one works then also from top to bottom which ensures that one during the roofing not on the metal should walk. Damage analysis are therefore not easy to repair.
Common plumbing problems and solutions

Common plumbing problems and solutions

There is always a need for a residential contractor to solve their problems, in order to maintain plumbing plumbers to date. It is one of the most vital parts of your home to be comfortable and therefore must be preserved before there is no serious problem. However, you may notice that your faucets, pipes, and the showers have several problems due to improper maintenance and does not perform up to the tasks you want to see. Some known issues include cold shower, the pipes are frozen, and the radiators are prone to breakage. Need care and proper maintenance of these common problems, but it’s always better to have trained professionals to address these issues. A qualified and experienced personnel always carry a good job and helps keep these problems. Here are some tips to follow in order to maintain an effective piping.

As a homeowner you never want to have plumbing problems so it is essential to keep the system in order to prevent incontinence and disturbing. If you haven’t participated in time can cause major problems. In order to maintain its effective system, there are a lot of things that need regular maintenance, as the toilet clogged, shower leaks, low water pressure in the sink, slow draining bath water and many others. This creates the need for hydraulic maintenance at home.

Clogged toilet: If slow drainage of water from the toilet bowl may have faced the possibility of construction of sewer pipes in the bowl and makes you feel uncomfortable about flushing the toilet.

Rainfall shower block is one of the most important features of a bathroom and can have problems such as limited water flow. This is usually because of head clogging due to accumulation of minerals. Therefore, it should be cleaned regularly to avoid further problems. If you haven’t participated in time can result in loss of the shower.

Odor and slow drainage: another important thing that needs proper maintenance to function properly. In General, the problem stems from the fact that the accumulation of several things, like soap scum, hair, unwanted body fat and fat. Once you have accumulated makes you feel uncomfortable and emits a foul odor. Therefore, proper maintenance is required and must be cleaned regularly to avoid this problem.

Low water pressure in wells: you may face this problem if your kitchen sink is not properly clean thanks to Rusty exhaust pipe. A clogged sink always reduces the water pressure and the sink caused by improper installation.

Besides these, there are many other things must be considered in maintenance hydraulic device to keep your system up to date. An ideal maintenance and repair should include building water drainage pipes, broken pipes, burst pipes and tubes whistles.

Therefore, in order to stay out of trouble with Atlanta residents Plumbers should ensure regular maintenance and tuning of your system.

TRENDS FOR FALL WINTER INTERIOR DESIGN

TRENDS FOR FALL WINTER INTERIOR DESIGN

You have to furnish or renovate your home?

Then it’s time to inform you about the latest trends in the field of furniture and interior design. Between returns, evergreen and news, here’s some bits for the autumn winter.

Come back to the fore the wood stoves, consistent with care for the environment and with the concept of cosy House: what’s more warm and romantic than a heater on cold winter nights?

Intensifies the use of bespoke furnishings, finishes and details that make the difference, preppy and sophisticated style, pointing out that to stand out and customize just a few details.

A bit chic and a little trash, cameos and Victorian faces of memory in tapestries, fabrics and even furniture. They may not like it, but definitely stands out, just use them with moderation, avoiding to be tacky.

Shabby chic style, this winter you go to the upcycled, renewing old furniture with bright colors and bright paints. Suddenly Grandma’s furniture are transformed, becoming Eclectic furnishings, can give personality and style to the environment.

Is still winning monochrome and even the black and white combination, equivalent of the little black dress, never out of fashion.

You prefer using natural materials such as stone, wood and even decorations made with branches and sticks. And then also gems and geodes with that Twinkle that gives the environment a little bit of luxury.

Finally, in contrast to the tough economic times, you can dare a crass statement of opulence opting for trims.

Now get to work, combining fashion trends to your personal taste.

THE ELEMENTS OF AN EFFICIENT HVAC SYSTEM

THE ELEMENTS OF AN EFFICIENT HVAC SYSTEM

Today systems are designed to meet environmental requirements, indoor air quality and more stringent user. Many of the HVAC system efficiency gains have come as the result of improving operational efficiency of key system components. Other useful are the results of the use of technologies that are new, or new to the HVAC field. The use of computer-aided design tools have helped reclosable HVAC design system running more efficiently.

Although there are many individual advances that have helped to improve the operating efficiency of the HVAC system, much of the overall improvement can be attributed to five key factors:

-The development of coolers, low kW/ton; 2,220-the use of control systems of high efficiency boilers;

-The application of direct digital control (DDC) systems;

-The use of energy-efficient motors; and,

-The combination of variable frequency drives pump, fan motors and chillers.

For years, building owners were satisfied with the performance and efficiency of refrigerators that operated in the range of -0.9 .8 kW/ton new. As they age, real operating efficiencies fall to more than 1.0 kW/ton fully loaded.

Today, new coolers are installed with efficiency at full rated load of 0.50 kW/ton, an increase of 50 percent. Equally impressive are the part load efficiencies of the new generation of chillers. Although the operational efficiency of the chiller almost all elderly falls quickly away with reduced load, operational efficiency of new refrigerators didn’t get off just as quickly.

Chiller design changes

construction and operation of several changes have helped improve the performance of the chiller. To improve the characteristics of heat transfer of refrigerators, manufacturers have increased the size of the units heat exchangers. Electromechanical control systems have been replaced by microprocessor electronic controls that provide greater precision, reliability and flexibility. Variable frequency control the speed of the compressor, increasing part load performance.

increased energy efficiency, is not the only advantage of the new generation of refrigerators; These coolers provide better containment refrigerant. Although the older coolers routine may have lost the 10 percent to 15 percent of the refrigerant charge every year, new chillers can limit losses to less than 0.5 percent. The lowest loss rate and finest blowdown systems reduce the amount of non-condensable gases found in a coolant system a key factor in maintaining performance over time.

Another significant development is the boiler in operation: the replacement of pneumatic controls and manuals with microprocessor-based systems. As a general rule, the systems may be required to achieve energy savings of 5 percent to 7 percent compared to conventional pneumatic systems.

microprocessor control systems to achieve their savings first as the result of their ability to modulate the operation boiler more accurately compared to pneumatic systems-based. By modulating operation boiler with precision, the systems help to maintain the proper fuel-air ratio and trace the load placed on the boiler by the HVAC system.

Microprocessor systems offer several additional benefits, including remote monitoring and operational capabilities, automatic control sequences, steam flow monitoring, and reduced maintenance costs. One way in which systems can help reduce maintenance costs is through their ability to maintain the proper fuel-air ratio. Keeping the correct ratio, the systems reduce the rate at which the soot collects on boiler pipes, thereby reducing the frequency of required tear down and cleaning. Keep the boiler pipes clean of soot also helps to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler.

direct digital controls

A major shift in the HVAC field is the generalized application of digital controls (DDC). Introduced more than 15 years ago, the DDC systems have become the industry standard control system design for today. With the ability to provide accurate and precise temperature control and air and water flows, systems have largely replaced pneumatic and electric control systems.

DDC systems help building owners to conserve energy in different ways. Their accuracy and almost eliminate problems offset control, overrun, and commonly found in pneumatic systems, resulting in better system setting. Their ability to respond to a nearly unlimited number of sensors results in better coordinated control activities. This also allows the systems to run more complex control strategies that could be done with air controls. Finally, their simple or automatic calibration ensures that the control systems will perform as designed, with little or no loss of precision.

DDC systems also offer many other benefits. Elements of an HVAC system control strategies are based on the software, the systems can be easily modified to adapt to changes in the requirements of occupants without expensive hardware changes. DDC systems are ideal for applications that benefit from monitoring and remote operation.

energy efficient motors

Today HVAC systems are making use of energy-efficient engines. Energy-efficient motors offer a moderate but significant increase operational efficiency at full load on standard models. For example, a motor 10 hp energy efficient works out to about 93 percent efficiency; a standard engine of the same size is typically rated at 88 percent. Similarly, an energy-efficient motor 50 hp is estimated at around 94 percent efficiency in contrast to the 90 percent efficiency rating of a standard motor 50 hp. 2,220 this increase operational efficiency accompanies a first increase cost of the engines. How quickly this extra initial cost is retrieved depends on two factors: the motor load, and the number of hours the engine is operated by year. 2,220 More motor runs at full load and the greater the number of class hours per year is activated the motor faster, the differential of the first cost is recovered. For most applications where the motor runs continuously at or near full load, the amortization period for the first additional cost is usually between three and six months.

HVAC applications the combination of constant load and working long hours made it particularly suitable for the use of energy-efficient engines. High energy efficiency motors commonly found driving circulation pumps and centrifugal system fans. With these loads, the 4 percent or 5 percent increase in electrical motor efficiency results in significant energy savings, especially when systems work 24 hours a day, all year round.

A side benefit of energy efficient engine design is its major power factor. Increasing the power factor of a driving motor reduces the current draw on the electrical system, free extra distribution capability and reduce distribution losses in the system. Although the increase in the power factor ISNA enough of a benefit to justify the cost differential higher efficiency motor, important consideration, particularly for large users of electricity the system capacity is limited.

Although the engines have proven to be very cost effective in new applications, their use in existing applications is a little harder to justify. In most cases, the cost to replace an existing one, drive motor with greater efficiency will not be retrieved for five to 10 years or more.

Among the improvements in HVAC systems that have helped to increase operational efficiency, variable frequency drives have had the most dramatic results. Applied to the components of the system ranging from fans to coolers, the units have proven to be very effective in reducing energy demand during partial load operation. And with most operating systems at part load capacity of 90 percent or more of the time, the energy-saving products by frequency inverter quickly recoup their investment, typically within one to two years. 2,220 In general, the larger the engine, the greater the savings. As a general rule, most HVAC systems engine 20 HP and can benefit from the installation of a frequency converter.

variable frequency drive applications

variable frequency drives produce their savings by varying the frequency and voltages. This variation is used to reduce the speed of operation of the equipment controls to meet the requirements of load. The reduced operating speed, the drive motor power consumption falls quickly. 2,220 For example, a centrifugal fan, when operating at 75 percent of stream, draws only about 40 percent of full load power. At 50% flow, the power required for the fan reduces to less than 15 percent of full load power. While traditional damper control systems or control palette, also reduce the partial flow, energy savings requirements are significantly less.

Another area where the variable frequency drives improved operational efficiency of an HVAC system is with centrifugal pumps hot water circulating systems and chilled. Typically, these pumps provide a steady stream of water to Terminal units. As the demand for heating or cooling water decreases, the check valves at Terminal units remove the gas. To maintain constant pressure in the system, a bypass valve between supply and return systems opens. With the remaining nearly constant flow, the load on the pump electric motor remains almost constant.

variable frequency regulating pressure in the system in response to different needs by slowing down the pump. As with centrifugal fans, the required power from the falls as the load and the speed decreased. Again, because most systems work well below design capacity 90 percent of the time, the savings produced by the low speed operation are significant, typically recover the cost of the unit in one or two years.

Chiller loads

A third question is variable frequency drive centrifugal chillers. Coolers are sized to peak cooling loads, although these loads occur only a few hours per year.

With conventional control systems which close input palette chiller, cooling efficiency falls off significantly during partial load operation. When variable frequency are applied to these coolers, regulate the functioning of the chiller reducing the speed of the compressor. The result is near full load operating efficiency over a wide range of cooling loads. This increase in efficiency at part load translates into a 15 percent to 20 percent increase of the chiller seasonal efficiency.

Energy conservation the only advantage of variable frequency drives. A strain is placed on an electric motor and mechanical system that pushes each time a pump, fan or chiller starts at full voltage: motor winding warms, straps slip, drive chains stretch and high pressure grew in circulation systems. Variable frequency drives to reduce these solicitations by reduced voltages and frequencies systems starting from a soft start, resulting in increased motor life and equipment.

Finally, the most important element in an HVAC system with low energy consumption is how the system is running. No matter how sophisticated the system, or as its power-saving features large, System performance depends on how used and maintained. Operational staff must be properly trained how to make the best use of the system and its features. Maintenance personnel must be trained and equipped with the tools to keep the operating system in the way it was designed. Maintenance cannot be deferred.

energy efficient HVAC systems offer the facility managers the ability to increase system performance, reducing the energy requirements. But they benefit from building owners only insofar as they are taken care of. If facility managers choose to ignore the needs of maintenance, may soon find faulty systems to the point where they have actually increased energy requirements

Ten stages of the home buying process

Ten stages of the home buying process

The path towards the home ownership can be full of pitfalls and prove to be a more challenging. However, don’t worry, with a little planning, you can find the ideal home for you. A home that achieves balance between items on your ‘list of desired characteristics’ and the practical realities of property, the place and the housing market. Even before you realize it, you find a place you can call your home. A place to receive. A place to decorate. A place where to raise a family. It is the perfect time to realize your dreams!

To put you on the right track, here is a step by step guide on the purchase of your first home.

STEP 1 – establish a budget

An effective budget will help you determine your plan to put money aside for your downpayment and additional charges. It will also help you to determine the price of the House you are able to pay.

STEP 2 – review mortgage options

There are different types of mortgage loans. If you are not able to pay the required downpayment of 20% for a conventional mortgage loan, you can get a high ratio mortgage, coupled with mortgage insurance, allowing you to pay a lower down payment. You should obtain a pre-approval for a mortgage before you go looking for your home.

STEP 3 – choose a Realtor

Your real estate agent plays an essential role in your home buying experience. The ideal Realtor also plays the roles of consultant staff, consultant and negotiator. You shows the homes that meet your criteria, you guide through the home buying process, negotiate the best possible price for your home and you receive your closing documents.

STEP 4 – use the services of a lawyer or a notary

It is important to draw upon the services of a lawyer or a notary specializing in real estate. In case you might find in the midst of a price war to acquire your dream home, this counsel or this notary could consider any offer to purchase before you submit the. A lawyer or a notary specializing in real estate is also a title search and checks all taxes and all residual rights on the property.

STEP 5 – search for a home

A list of desired characteristics

Searching for a home can be a time-consuming process. To save time, know exactly in advance you want to find in a House. Think your immediate needs and your future plans to your lifestyle. When you are looking for a home, you may be tempted to focus on the House, but don’t forget to take into account the whole of the property: lot, the district, the surrounding area. What is the proximity of the House to the facilities and services that are important to you?

establish a checklist

When you are ready to shop around to find a home – process often called “looking for a home’ – bring with you this checklist when searching for a home. You may visit several houses in a single day. This checklist will help you to compare homes that you have visited and to keep track of these. And it will help you remember the features you liked and those you have not liked.

STEP 6 – submit offer

Your agent presents the offer to the seller. This document includes the price, conditions, the deposit and the closing date. The seller accepts or rejects the offer or presents a counter-offer (a process also known as “counter-proposal”).

7th stage – require inspection of the House or a guarantee of new homes

The hiring of an inspector is optional, but it is a smart idea for existing homes. You can choose to submit a bid on the House conditional to the outcome of your inspection. If your inspection reveals serious problems, you can negotiate these repairs with the seller prior to the conclusion of your transaction or withdraw your offer in a totally legal manner.

What is a guarantee of new homes?

The warranties of new homes are generally used when buying a new home. The manufacturer provides a guarantee of new houses to cover items such as deposits and completion dates, as well as the labour and materials for a period of at least one year after the construction of the House. This warranty protects you against the structural problems for at least five years.

STEP 8 – develop the transaction

The development of the transaction will include the approval of your mortgage loan, a meeting with your lawyer or notary to finalize details such as insurance and conditions, as well as the results of the title search.

9th stage – prepare to move

There are many things to settle before moving. Find connections of public and other services, for example, the phone, cable and Internet. If you rent, you must give notice to your landlord. Alternatively, you can forward your mail to your new address, and to appeal to professional movers. You need to prepare well in advance to ensure a smooth transition to your new home.

10th stage – wait closing date

This is the day where you legally take possession of the House. Your lawyer or notary prepares administrative documents (for example, home is in your name), payments are developed, and you receive the title as well as the keys to the House. Congratulations on your new home!

Garden Makeover Ideas for Your Landscape

Garden Makeover Ideas for Your Landscape

Last week I was visiting a customer where I had a garden design for a number of years ago. In the middle of the city behind such a wonderful stately fa├žade is a green oasis.

Now all the plants back cut and you can smell the light scent of cow dung, need for grains interspersed recently the fertilization of the plants. Meanwhile, mature trees and a single sturdy green yews ensure that the structure in the winter and early spring. In a few weeks will this garden in bloom and again took butterflies and birds.

A city garden doesn’t always have to be small and the rules of course apply for a small green city garden for a small garden in a new housing development in a village.

Tips for organizing a small garden

First, create a wish list. What features should the garden, gardening, food, family friendly, for sun-worshippers, there must still be storage space at, in short all issues that affect the layout of the garden.

Don’t make the mistake to a small garden to design like the large garden is and then all in miniature format. The garden is tiny and pressure

Choose one terrace as the garden very very small is this place and then some more in the garden, do you get the garden more in home and in your garden chair you experience the serenity of sitting in the green. There you can smell the scents of plants and you experience the shade of a beautiful tree instead of sitting under a stuffy parasol.
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Budgets in the construction of houses and cost environments

We will know the necessary steps to give the budgets in the construction of your new home or a specific area of your home that still is not built, we will begin to see all the elements taken into account in the budget and then know the free tools that provide us with our task of having the full cost we need to know before starting the work Let’s start:

Budgets in the construction of houses and cost environments

1. elements to be considered for the budgets in the construction:

-The price of the land
-Architectural design (architect)
-Design of structures (civil engineer)
-Electrical and sanitary installations by an engineer or architect
-Total construction cost divided between materials and workmanship
-Your city building permits that include various municipal rates

With these data we can already have a clear idea of how much it can cost us to build a House, we can say that the price of the land often usually the determining factor in the total cost, as well as agreement to its topographic features is tell if you have earrings or elevated notable increases the price of the construction since it needs more manpower and also materials , a point that must be considered in budgets in the construction of small and medium-sized houses.

For large buildings you need to add to the total price, the study of the soil (if the building has several floors), environmental impact studies (so ask for some municipalities), among other aspects which are not necessary to add here because we want to have a budget for an average size of 80 to 200 sqm House.
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Roof of House: how to choose roofing materials?

Roof of House: how to choose roofing materials?

What roof for my house?

The roof, imposing element of your future home. The realization of structures and roofs are the masterpieces to ensure the resistance of water infiltration casting. The list of the roofing materials is quite varied and allows to customize as you see fit and function of regional architectural styles his own choice.

Roof of House: how to choose roofing materials?

A flat roof!

Install a flat roof on the top floor of his house puts forward a particular architectural style. These designs are quite rare but exist and spread however in some regions. It is quite possible to pour a slab of concrete on a straight roof, the obstacle is to determine if the foundations of housing will be able to withstand the total lift. This realization doesn’t require a building permit, only a City Hall statement sufficient.

The main obstacle in the realization of a flat roof is to ensure the tightness of the parties.

The stagnation of the water on a flat surface can prevent the proper flow. The solution is the use of more resistant materials, it should be noted also that a slight inclination of the flat roof is mandatory; This principle is based on the crowning of our paved roads.

Water flows toward the ditches and gutters by the slight elevation of all the routes. A flat roof with a high surface area will record a slope of 5% on average and the presence of several areas drilled evacuation of water connected to the eaves of the House.
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